Shahbaz e Arifaan Sultan
Pir Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah
Sultan Pir Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah was born on 16th August, 1801 AD (5th Rabi’ ath-Thani, 1216 Hijri) in Shorkot, District Jhung, Pakistan (then India). He holds the status of 28th Shaikh of Sarwari Qadri order. His ancestors basically migrated from Mashhad (Iran). His genealogy eventually reaches Ali ibn Abi Talib through Sayyid Imam Musa Kazim of Mashhad, Iran. That is why Kazmi and al-Mushhadi are parts of his name. His father Sayyid Fateh Ali Shah was a pious man and Dervish. He had great devotion for Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo and used to visit his shrine very often.
INCLINATION TOWARDS FAQR
Faqr was deeply rooted in Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah’s soul since eternity. Hence, he had great inclination towards Divine love and gnosis from childhood. His father would often take him to the shrine of Sultan Bahoo who specially blessed this pure soul with enlightenment.
RECEIVING EDUCATION FROM SULTAN BAHOO
When Bahadur Ali Shah was eight years old his father decided to take him to a religious institution in Multan. On the way, they stayed at the shrine of Sultan Bahoo for seven days. Afterwards, his father left him at the institution for education. However, when his teacher started the lesson, he was highly amazed. As, Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah already knew whatever he wanted to teach him. He had complete command over all the branches of religious knowledge. Even, he had learned the Holy Quran by heart. Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah revised all the religious books in just seventeen days.
Then, his teacher informed his father that he can take his son back home as he had completed his education. His father reached the institution in a surprised state. The teacher asked him that from where his son had received all that education. Sayyid Fateh Ali told him that his son had never been to any school before. Thereupon, he asked Bahadur Ali Shah from where and when he gained all that knowledge? Bahadur Ali Shah replied that Sultan Bahoo spiritually blessed him with entire religious knowledge during his seven-day stay at shrine.
STAYING AT THE SHRINE
Thus, his father took him back to the shrine. There Hazrat Sultan Bahoo ordered him in dream, “Leave your son here, I will be his guardian”. So, his father left him at the shrine. Sayyid Bahadur Ali stayed at the shrine for forty years. He came there at the age of eight in 1809 AD and stayed there till 1849 AD. After forty years Sultan Bahoo spiritually ordered him to go back home and visit the shrine once every month. This routine continued till 1861 AD.
SERVICES AT THE SHRINE OF SULTAN BAHOO
Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah performed different services while his stay at the shrine of Sultan Bahoo. In the first twelve years he used to fill water of ablution for visitors. For a long time he also helped in the preparation of langar (devoted food for visitors) and its distribution. Furthermore, he used to make arrangements for accommodation of people at the shrine and it’s cleaning. However, his most remarkable service was to copy down the manuscripts of precious books of Hazrat Sultan Bahoo. Thus, saving them for coming generations. The books he copied are: Shams-ul-Arifeen, Ganj-ul-Asrar, Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan, Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Khurd, Majalisa-tul-Nabi, Mehak-ul-Faqr Kalan, Ain-ul-Faqr, Aqal-e-Baydar and Nur-ul-Huda Kalan.
While his forty years stay at the shrine, invocation (dhikr) and contemplation (tasawur) of Ism-e-Allah Zaat was his daily routine.
OATH OF ALLEGIANCE
Then, in 1861, Sultan Bahoo ordered him to go to Shorkot and take oath of allegiance (bayat) upon the hand of Pir Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Shah. Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah obeyed the orders and went to Shorkot to take oath of allegiance.
Afterwards, he made it a routine to spend the day in service of his spiritual guide (Murshid). While, at night he went to the shrine of Sultan Bahoo. Hence, he got beneficence from Sultan Bahoo as well as Pir Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Shah. Resultantly, he elevated to unimaginable heights of Faqr.
DIVINE TRUST OF FAQR
Pir Abdul Ghafoor Shah passed on the Divine Trust of Faqr to Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah before death.
BENEFICENCE OF ISM-E-ALLAH ZAAT
Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah took revolutionary steps to spread the teachings of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo. He made hundreds of gold Ism-e-Allah Zaat to grant its beneficence to the seekers of Allah.
Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah got married once, as it is the Sunna of Prophet Mohammad. However, his married life was not successful due to his deep involvement in Faqr. Hence, he divorced his wife and got rid of the worldly matters. He spent rest of his life alone, he did not have any child.
BEAUTY AND ELEGANCE
Pir Bahadur Ali Shah was blessed with an age of 132 years, six months and eleven days. But there was no change in his beauty and elegance till the last moments of his life. His countenance radiated with Divine Light. He had large head, prominent nose and medium height but when he stood among the people he seemed the tallest. His beard was equal in length and width and partitioned at center of his chin. He had attractive and mesmerizing eyes with an indefinable luster in them.
He liked to dress up simply. Once he was patching his torn clothes in the courtyard of the shrine of Sultan Bahoo. Sultan Bahoo said to him, “You are Fakir of Sarwari Qadri order and a Sarwari Qadri Fakir should wear royal dress and ride stallion.” Afterwards, he started wearing the finest dresses.
Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah wrote various eulogies and mystic poems for the travellers of the spiritual path. His poetry is very famous among the followers of Sarwari Qadri order.
TRANSFERENCE OF THE DIVINE TRUST
Sayyid Bahadur Ali transferred Divine Trust of Faqr to Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz who belonged to family of Sultan Bahoo. Hazrat Sultan Bahoo had already esoterically informed Bahadur Ali Shah about him that “A circumcised boy with cut navel will be born in my family. When he will reach his mature age, you will transfer the Divine Trust of Faqr to him. Then he will have a son who will be the Sultan-ul-Faqr VI.” Hence, through him the heritage and Trust of Faqr returned back to the family of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo.
Al-Ghawth al-Azam (Ghaus ul Azam) Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani bestowed the title of Shahbaz-e-Arifaan upon Pir Bahadur Ali Shah. It means ‘the falcon of Mystics’.
RELIGIOUS SCHOOL OF THOUGHT AND ORDER OF FAQR
Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah belonged to the Sunni sect. He followed the Hanafi school of thought of Imam Abu Hanifa. Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah is the Shaikh of Sarwari Qadri order after Sultan Pir Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Shah.
Pir Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah died on 27th February, 1934 (14th Dhul al-Qadah, 1352 Hijri). His shrine is in Shorkot, District Jhung, Pakistan. His death anniversary is held every year on the 25th, 26th and 27th of February.
For detailed study of life history of Shahbaz e Arifaan Sultan Pir Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah, please study Chapter # 4 of The Spiritual Guides of Sarwari Qadri Order.
Author: Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman.