Sultan ul Auliya Sultan
Mohammad Abdul Aziz
Sultan-ul-Auliya Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz rehmat-ul-Allah alayh holds the status of 29th Shaikh of Sarwari Qadri order. He was born on 12th March, 1911 (12th Rabi al-awwal 1329 Hijri) in Garh Maharaja, Jhung, Pakistan. His father, Sultan Fateh Mohammad was a Dervish and Mystic. He was born circumcised and with cut naval which are signs that he was undoubtedly a Saint by birth.
Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz belonged to the Awan tribe and was the descendant of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo. His family lineage connects Sultan Bahoo at eighth step. The lineage is as under:
Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz son of Sultan Fateh Mohammad son of Sultan Ghulam Rasool son of Sultan Ghulam Meeran son of Sultan Wali Mohammad son of Sultan Noor Mohammad son of Sultan Mohammad Hussain son of Sultan Wali Mohammad son of Sultan Bahoo.
VISION OF SPIRITUAL GUIDE AS FIRST SIGHT
After birth Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz did not open his eyes until the seventh day. His father worriedly took him to the shrine of Sultan Bahoo. At that time Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah was coincidently present there. Sultan Fateh Mohammad requested Sayyid Bahadur Ali to bless his son so that he opens his eyes. As soon as he (Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah) held the baby in his lap, the baby opened his eyes. In this way, the first view of Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz was his spiritual guide’s countenance.
CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH
Since childhood Sultan Abdul Aziz had a lustrous grace in his personality. Hence, whoever met him, got impressed by his personality and morals. He was a quiet, graceful and solemn person. So much so, he always avoided unnecessary activities, games and gossips. Instead, he spent most of his time in devotions and meditation.
EDUCATION AND OATH OF ALLEGIANCE
Like Hazrat Sultan Bahoo, Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz also did not get any formal education. When he was twenty-one years of age he took oath of allegiance at the hand of Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah. Afterwards, he received spiritual education from his spiritual guide (Murshid) Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah.
LOVE FOR SPIRITUAL GUIDE
Sultan Abdul Aziz intensely loved and honoured his spiritual guide Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah. He tried to stay in the company of his spiritual guide as much as possible. The moment he came back home after meeting him, he had an urge to see him again. So he used to travel all the way back to him. He honoured his spiritual guide so much that he never rode a horse or any vehicle while going to meet him. Once he travelled hundred kilometers on foot to reach his spiritual guide, resultantly had blisters in his feet. When he reached there, his spiritual guide himself cut the blisters of his feet, applied ointment and ordered him to take rest. He also ordered him to ride a horse in future whenever he had to come to see him.
Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz found eternal bliss in the love and slavery of his Murshid. He tried to take care of every work related to his Murshid himself.
Even after death of Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah, he used to stay at his shrine very often.
Sultan Abdul Aziz’s mystic poetry is also full of great adoration for his spiritual guide. When he completely annihilated in his Murshid and found the Divine Reality in him, he uttered following verses:
اَج ملے سوہنا پیر مینوں، اکھیں ویکھن کارن بے قرار ہویاں
سوہنا پیر ویکھن تاں قرار پاون، اے تاں ہر دم وچ انتظار ہویاں
سلطان بہادر شاہ ؒ دی صورت ویکھ کارن، ہر وقت طرف دربار ہویاں
سلطان محمد عبدالعزیز ؒ دا یار سلطان بہاد ر شاہؒ ہویا ،اکھیں اس جہان توں بیزار ہویاں
Explanation: I am so anxious to see my spiritual guide that my eyes are ever fixed at his path. Thirst of my eyes will be quenched only when they will have the privilege of seeing him. As he belongs to the shrine of Sultan Bahoo, therefore I can’t keep my eyes off the shrine. Ever since Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah has become my beloved, my eyes do not want to see anything else. His Divine beauty has satiated my eyes.
He further says;
آؤ سہیلیو میریو نی، جیں دیکھنا نور الٰہ والا
ایہو اسم مبارک چا لکھ سینے، میرے پیر بہادر شاہؒ والا
اللّٰہ،ھُو ےَا ھُو جسم اسدا، ایہو نور ہے خاص بارگاہ والا
سلطان محمد عبدالعزیز ؒ دا یار نہیں شک ،بے شک جانے اسنو ں نو ر ظہور کبریا والا
Explanation: Sultan Abdul Aziz invites his friends that whoever wants to have a glimpse of Divine Light should come and see that Allah has manifested His Holy Self and beauty of the whole Universe in my beloved spiritual guide. He tells them, “Engrave the Ism-e-Allah Zaat given by my Murshid Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah on your heart. It will grant you spiritual enlightenment which will enable you to see that he himself is the real Ism-e-Allah Zaat. Furthermore, you will realize that he possesses the special Light of the holy court of Allah.” No doubt! I consider him the ultimate manifestation of Divine Light and love him extremely.
Likewise, his entire poetry is full of love and devotion for his spiritual guide.
BELOVED OF SPIRITUAL GUIDE
Sultan Abdul Aziz not only loved his spiritual guide extremely but was also his beloved. Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah used to call him “Hazrat Sahib” and whenever embraced him, expressed his love in these words:
پھلا وے گلادب دیا
تینوں سانبھ سانبھ رکھاں
میرے ماہیے دے باغ دیا
Meaning: O’ beautiful rose from the garden of my beloved! May I hold you closest to my heart.
TRUST OF FAQR
Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah entrusted the treasure of Faqr to Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz. Hence, the Trust of Faqr returned to the family of Hazrat Sultan Bahoo through Sultan Abdul Aziz. So that he may further transfer it to Sultan-ul-Faqr VI Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali.
After adorning the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion, Sultan Abdul Aziz devoted rest of his life in guiding seekers of Allah on the path of Faqr. All kinds of people came to him for beneficence. He persuaded them towards Allah and blessed them with spiritual beneficence according to their desire and intention. However, he did not grant Ism-e-Allah Zaat to everyone but only to the true seekers of Allah.
RELIGIOUS SCHOOL OF THOUGHT AND ORDER OF FAQR
Sultan Abdul Aziz belonged to the Sunni sect and followed the school of thought of Imam Abu Hanifa. He is the spiritual leader of Sarwari Qadri order after Sultan Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah.
MARRIED LIFE AND CHILDREN
Whenever the elders of family asked Sultan Abdul Aziz to get married, he remained silent. Finally all the members of his family requested Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah to convince him but he also kept quite. One night he dreamt that the Holy Prophet was reciting the verses of Sultan Abdul Aziz’s nikkah (matrimonial rite) himself. Then Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah ordered Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz to get married. So, in 1933 AD he married a lady from his near family, Mehmooda Baigam from Anga Sharif (Khushab, Soon Valley). He had four sons:
- Sultan Mohammad Safdar Ali
- Sultan-ul-Faqr VI Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali
- Sultan Mohammad Farooq
- Sultan Mohammad Moazzam Ali
BEAUTY AND PERSONALITY
Sultan Abdul Aziz was blessed with extremely attractive and charismatic personality. Whoever met him entered the circle of his slavery. Nobody could look at his lustrous face for long. When someone had to talk to him about any matter, his splendour and majesty made the person spellbound. Hence, he had to encourage that person by asking the matter himself.
He had a thick beard which was equal in length and breadth. He used to comb it in such a way that it was partitioned equally from the center. Thus, it arranged towards each side of the cheeks. This setting made the beard look beautiful on his face.
He used to wear kurta and tehmad along with white turban on his head and khussa in his feet. Like Sultan Bahoo he used to travel a lot, especially to Quetta in summer. He also travelled to Kabul and Delhi before partition of sub-continent.
Among his attributes most highlighting were punctuality, patience, solemnness and above all great devotion for Allah Almighty. He was so kind and soft hearted that he could not see anyone in pain. Moreover, he never returned any needy person empty handed. If he did not have money to give, he would give his clothes or other household things to help the needy. He often liked to have food with his disciples and the poor who had come to him for help. Sometimes he also narrated humorous anecdotes to cheer them up.
Al-Ghawth al-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani entitled Sultan Abdul Aziz as Sultan-ul-Auliya meaning ‘the king of all Saints’.
TRANSFERENCE OF DIVINE TRUST
It was destined from eternity that Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz will pass on the heritage of Faqr to his son Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali who adorns the status of sixth Sultan-ul-Faqr. Hence, he did not have to search for the heir of Divine Trust.
Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz died on 12th April, 1981 (7th Jumada ath-thani, 1401 Hijri). His funeral prayer was offered on April 13th at the shrine of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo.
His shrine is half kilometer away from the shrine of Sultan Bahoo in Garh Maharaja, Jhung, Pakistan.
Sultan Abdul Aziz’s devotees hold his death anniversary (urs) twice a year according to his Hijri as well as gregorian date of death. According to Hijri calendar, they hold it after urs of Sultan Bahoo which is celebrated on first Thursday of Jamadi-us-Sani. His urs is celebrated on the Sunday and Monday after the urs of Sultan Bahoo. While, second gathering of his urs and Mawlid of Holy Prophet follows his death date according to the solar calendar, on 12th and 13th April every year.
In order to read complete biography of Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz please read the Chapter # 5 of book ‘The Spiritual Guides of Sarwari Qadri Order’.
Author: Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman.